The Korean war is known as a civil war, but ideologically it is the war between the communists and the capitalists trying to expand their powerrs. While the Soviet Union and the United States were in a proxy war, known as the Cold War, the Korean war happened to be one of the situations the US and Soviet Union used to go against one another.
The division of Korea and civil disagreements all began in 1945 at the end of World War 2. Previous to this, Japan had had ruling over Korea for 35 years. A proposal made by the Koreans, had the Soviet Union and the United States occupy the country with a seperation between the two. This sepertation was the 38th Parallel. The purpose of this was to establish a provisional goverment for Korea. Things did not quite as planned which lead to the seperation of North and South Korea. Each side was established a leader and the title of either communist state or capitalist goverment. North Korea, being under the guidance of the Soviet Union was declared a communist state, while South Korea, being under the guidance of the United States, was declared a capitalist goverment.
Declaration of war wasn't until some time had passed after the end of World War 2 when the first attack had been made. June 25th, 1950, without any warning at all, North Korea invaded South Korea. This was the first major armed attack of the entire cold war.
After the first attack had been made the United States came to the aid of South Korea, along with other members of the United Nations. South Korea being capitalists was the major decision maker leading to the backing by the United States and the United Nations. The United States and the United Nations saw this as an easy oppourtunity to spread capitalism. They knew, with their help, South Korea's chances at winning this war would be higher, resulting in the entire Korea being capitalists. Within two months of the US joining they were pushed back to the Pusan Perimeter. This was until North Korea was...