What is pre-modern society? And how does it contrast with modern society?
Pre-modern society is an industrialised society. There are two different perspectives within this: the historical perspective in which is looked through time and how a certain group of people have progressed or declined. The second perspective is looking at the world today. Modern simply means continuing to happen throughout society. The word modernity compares pre,post and modern societies.
Historically there are four different types of societies in pre-modern society:
The Hunter gatherer society, this society is based on a simple mode of production. The men of the group do the hunting and the women do the gathering. The society consists of people living on what nature provided. Debates to do with the hunter gatherer society are very interesting. One debate being a precious economy… another debate is that they can’t store and stock up on things, this makes it a daily process of hunting for food for the people to survive. Historically this society is the earliest and still exists today. The produce that the society gather is based on kinship and it is shared on that basis.
“The Hunter-gatherers obtain most from gathering rather than hunting.”(sociology index,2010). This shows that once they have achieved the gathering it is more rewarding.
“In hunter-gatherer societies war is caused by grudges and vendettas rather than for territory or economic benefit.” (sociology index,2010). This shows that territory is not really significant, they focus more on there families and kinship and if feuds arise then it will end up in a harsh and troublesome way.
The Horticultural society is based on hand made tools, these tools cultivate the societies plans. Social divisions and hierarchies then emerge as some think they are better and some are better… there are many different hierarchies including political… etc. they also grow tend and harvest the crops.
The Pastoral society is mainly...