Character for Leadership: The Role of Personal Characteristics in Effective
Submitted to Regent University
School of Global Leadership & Entrepreneurship
In partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy in Organizational Leadership
Reid A. Kisling
UMI Number: 3292253
Copyright 2008 by
Kisling, Reid A.
All rights reserved. This microform edition is protected against
unauthorized copying under Title 17, United States Code.
ProQuest Information and Learning Company
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
All rights reserved.
by ProQuest Information and Learning Company.
Character for Leadership ii
Character for Leadership iii
While character is popularly considered a significant determinant of behavior,
current theories of leadership typically consider behavior alone in the evaluation of
effective leadership. One model of transformational leadership, visionary
leadership theory (VLT; Sashkin & Rosenbach, 1996; Sashkin & Sashkin, 2002),
incorporates the personal characteristics of the leader in addition to specific leader
behaviors in the consideration of effective leadership. Using the model of character
constructed by Cloninger, Svrakic, and Pryzbeck (1993), this study evaluated
differences of character levels on effective visionary leadership behaviors for a
sample of students preparing for religious leadership. This study utilized The
Leadership Profile (TLP; Sashkin, Rosenbach, & Sashkin, 1997) and the
Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Przybeck, Svarkic, &
Wetzel, 1994) instruments. Study participants were segmented by levels of prior
ministry leadership experience and ministry leadership participation while in school
as well as by levels of the character traits self-directedness, cooperativeness, and
self-transcendence. Results demonstrated statistically significant findings...