Indira Gandhi National Open University School of Social Work
Course code: MSW-001
Assignment code: Asst-1/TMA-1/MSW/2008-09
Q .1. Briefly narrate the emergence and growth of professional social work in pacific region.
To start with its professional concept, Social work is a profession committed to the pursuit of social justice, to the enhancement of the quality of life, and to the development of the full potential of each individual, group and community in the society. It seeks to simultaneously address and resolve social issues at every level of society and economic status, but especially among the poor. It involves the application of social theory and research methods to study and improve the lives of people, groups, and societies. It incorporates and utilizes other social science as a means to improve the human condition and positively change society's response to chronic problems.
Social work has its roots in the struggle of society to ameliorate poverty and the resultant problems. Therefore, social work is intricately linked with the idea of charity work; but must be understood in broader terms.
The practice and profession of modern social work has a relatively long scientific origin, originating in the 19th Century. The movement began primarily in Europe and North America.
The development of Social work in Asia and the pacific region is basically a phenomenon of post colonial transmission from the Global North (North America, and Eastern Europe) to the Global South (British colonies such us Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Singapore, New Zealand, Fiji, etc) to address the problems of less developed countries and to provide support to the victims of World War II.
Formal social work in many countries of these regions started from the training needs of voluntary workers and employees of government as well as non-government organizations engaged in social welfare activities. There after, professional social work has grown slowly and...