Organizations are in the news and in our conversations every day. “Organization” is a group of people working together co-operatively under authority towards achieving goals and objectives that mutually benefit the participants and the organization. Kossen states that an organization is a group of individuals coordinated into different levels of authority and segments of specialization or the purpose of achieving the goals and objectives of the organization.
An organization is a mechanism with which a management directs, coordinates, and controls the activities of man. It is a pattern of relationships- many interwoven, simultaneous relationships- through which people, under the direction of managers, pursue their common goals. These goals are the products of the decision making processes.
All organizations also have some program or method for achieving goals – a plan. Without some plan for what it must do, no organization is likely to be very effective. Organizations must also acquire and allocate the resources necessary to achieve their goals. All organizations depend on other organizations for the resources they need.
Management is the practice of continually shaping organizations. All organizations have people who are responsible for helping them achieve their goals. These people are called managers. These managers may be more obvious in some organizations than in others, but without effective management, organizations are likely to founder.
In a world where organizations are everywhere, there are three compelling reasons for studying them and the practice of management. In each case- involving the past, present and future- the effects of people collaborating as an organization, under the guidance if managers can be far reaching.
Living in the present- First organizations contribute to the present standards of living of people worldwide. We rely on organizations daily for food, shelter, clothing, medical care,...