2004 Boxing Day Tsunami
*what was the disaster?*
The 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami is also known as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and earthquake. It occurred on the 26th of December just on Boxing Day. This disaster was considered as the 6th deadliest earthquake/tsunami but it was also known as the 2nd strongest earthquake in the world. The earthquake’s strongest point lasted for around 8-10 minutes. The tsunami created a permanent rise in global sea level by at least 0.1mm and it caused an inactive volcano located in the Leuser Mountain, Indonesia to active.
Did you know the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 atomic bombs.
The tsunami was located in 15 different countries. The countries which were affected the most include Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. Some of the other countries that were affected were Somalia, Malaysia, South Africa, Madagascar and Kenya. The hardest hit area was the Aceh Province of Sumatra located in Northern Indonesia, which was the closest area to the earthquake that started the whole disaster.
*when did it occur*
On the 26th of December, at 7.59 am local time, an earthquake measuring 9 on the Richter scale is recorded off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Buildings started shaking in Bangkok which was around 780 miles away from the earthquake. As well as in Singapore which was 580 miles away. Several aftershocks followed after that.
At 8.30am local time, the first wave stroke in Indonesia and then an hour later the waves reached Thailand. By the time it hit Sri Lanka and India it was 9am. Two hours later the waves hit Sri Lanka, 150 people were reported dead and within half an hour, the figure reached 3,000.
From 10am -11am a massive rescue operation began. The estimated death toll reached up to 26,000, with at least 12,000 in Sri Lanka alone. On the 28th of December, The death toll rose up to 60,000. The death...