1. It is also referred to as the "1800s." The invention of useable electricity, steel, and petroleum products during the 19th century lead to a second industrial revolution (1865–1900), that featured the growth of railways and steam ships, faster and wider means of communication, and inventions with names we all know today. Eighteenth century was the beginning of technological development which affected society, and commerce, in ways that are felt even today. This technological development, known as Industrial Revolution, was one of the main revolutions of this era.
2. The birth of the most important 18th century dental text: Pierre Fauchard's Le Chirurgien Dentiste.
Modernity has a long history, but amongst the most significant social processes identified with rapid socio-economic and technical change since the nineteenth century, is the emergence of consumer culture
3. The Royal Academy became a system for insuring that the visual arts glorified the king. Its authority extended beyond just funding of the arts, and it educated artists only in the officially approved 'royal' style. A rigid set of rules dictated the instruction of practice and theory, with a strong emphasis on Classicism.
The public was willing to pay enormous prices for work by these prestigious artists, most of who are now considered unoriginal and are no longer regarded as having been great masters of the nineteenth century.
4. Winckelmanns wrote about roman archeological excavations and touted the homoeroticism of greco-roman art, writing explicit descriptions erotic male sculptures from classical antiquity thereby encouraging an interest in greek antiquities.
Jacques-Louis David was a great artist as well as the chief propaganda minister of the French Revolution. He is considered the father of the neoclassical art movement because his compositions are balanced and synchronized, and the subjects were generally Roman inspired, emphasizing loyalty to the state....