Development of the concept:
The terms "sustainable" and "sustainability" burst into the global lexicon in the 1980s as the electronic news media made people increasingly aware of the growing global problems of overpopulation, drought, famine, and environmental degradation that had been the subject of Limits to Growth in the early 1970s, ( Meadows, et.al. 1972 ).
In 1987 United Nations released a document (Brundtland report) which contained the definition of sustainable development as 'development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In 2005 they divided sustainability on 3 parts - Economic, Social, Environmental.
Moreover we can say that sustainable development is about the carrying capacity of natural systems and the social problems that humanity have to face with. Carrying capacity "refers to the limit to the number of humans the earth can support in the long term without damage to the environment." ( Giampietro, et. al. 1992 ). Ecologists define carrying capacity as the maximal population size of a given species that an area can support without reducing its ability to support the same species in the future. Specifically, it is "a measure of the amount of renewable resources in the environment in units of the number of organisms these resources can support" (Roughgarden 1979, p. 305)
With the growth of economy itself different kind of organizations were also standing on their feet. The negative impact of industrial development on the environment was absolutely obvious. Sustainability as an issue was brought up not long ago, when the destruction which was made by human activity could not be avoided anymore. All companies create a great negative impact on the environment including: greenhouse emission, water pollution and water depletion etc, but the resulting costs are divided though any economic transaction: animal life, local...