The Victimization of Racial Minorities in Canada
The chapter opens with a brief discussion about the racial minority population that has immigrated to Canada in the past decade. Where clearly figures portrays Canada as an extremely diverse country. As the authors point out Canada is the home to a great amount of racial minorities, but unfortunately along with this it is clear that 7-20% of Canadians are labeled as strongly racist in their opinions.
The chapter focuses upon hate groups, where an ideology of white supremacy is supported. The authors go on to mention the acts of hate groups throughout the colonial era to present day. As the author explains “hate groups” are created in order to promote the ideology of white supremacy. Where certain racist movements promote their ideology through meetings, distributing racist literatures, rallies, parades, hate slogans, establishing telephone hate lines.
Unfortunately Canada being a democratic country, any attempts to put an end to these kinds of “hate activities” is portrayed as censorship and therefore anti-democratic. At this present time there are many racist movements present in Canada, such as the Heritage Front, the Church of the Creator, the Knights for White Rights and many more. These hate groups have been known to detest individuals or groups with diverse races, religions, national or ethnic origin, colour or sexual orientation.
The chapter goes on to focus on recent research considering these hate groups. Where it can be concluded that racist activities have increased over time, and these activities are motivated by racism, anti-communism and anti-Semitism.
The authors mention hate/bias crimes and hate/bias incidents, where the only difference is the degree of the offense. In conclusion there has been an apparent increase in hate-related crimes within Canada.