Ch 9-10 Study Guide
1. political parties
a. a political party is a group of people who seek to elect a person to a public office.
b. The differences between political parties in the U.S. and Europe
i. The political party is weaker in the U.S.
ii. In Europe they vote for parties instead of candidates
iii. The political party in America seeks to control government through elections and providing labels
iv. America is less ideological and change easily
2. Development of United States party system
a. Founding period
i. 2 groups Jefferson’s Democratic Republicans and Hamilton’s Federalists
b. Jacksonian period
i. Have party conventions
ii. Jackson was the first person that we today consider democratic
c. Civil war and Sectionalism
i. North were strongly Republican and the South were strongly democrats.
ii. Old major parties split.
d. Present period
i. South is mostly Republican while North is overwhelmingly Democratic
3. Structure of Major Party and Differences with Minor Parties
a. 3 headed Giant
i. Major parties are more influential within government, state and public
ii. Major parties are Decentralized meaning they have factions within themselves and sometimes factions within those factions
c. Minor Party purposes
i. Majority ideological- ideas are rigid
ii. Single issue – these rise and fall with the issue they are trying to fight
iii. Economic protest - based on regional economical problems and disappear as conditions improve
iv. Factional party – created by split in major party
4. Differences within parties...