November 28, 2011
Cindy Koziol, RN, CNS, MSN.
This essay will describe the history of public health, pertinent dates and events. Examples of public health are The Center for Disease Control (CDC), the National Institutes of Health, and Census (NIH); while examples of community-based health care are the local health department. On a national, state and county level public health employs research, data analysis and recommendation to promote health behaviors in communities. Since September of this year, the local health department, pharmacies and home health agency in Orange County collaborate to give the seasonal flu and H1N1 vaccinations for a price. These community-based healthcare systems are giving the vaccinations based on research by the CDC and NIH (CDC, n.d.).
In 1798, hospitals were established in the United Stated because of an overwhelming need to care for injures and ill marines and seamen. In 1906, the marine hospital system was renamed the Public Health Service Hospital. In 1912 child services was established, this was and child advocacy agency that addresses the interest of children and child labor laws. In 1921 Native Americans living on reservations saw the creation of The Bureau of Indian Health Services. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was established, this was changed in 1930 to the Food and Drug Administration. 1946 saw the creation of the Center for Disease Control, formerly referred to as Communicable Disease Center (HHS.gov, n.d.).
In 1920, public health was defined by Charles-Edward A Winslow an American public health leader as “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in the principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing services for the early...