The Founding Fathers created three different branches of government. They did this to prevent tyranny and limit one individual or group from too much power.
One reason for three branches is to prevent tyranny. Tyranny is cruel or oppressive government or rule. They created branches so they can all have control.
Another way of creating equal power is a system of checks and balances. The three branches of government each have a way to limit the others powers.
The President can check the Legislative Branch by vetoing a law. This means the President can reject a law. But, the Legislative Branch can also check the president. They can do this to limit his power of rejecting too many laws. Their way of doing this is to override the Executive’s veto. They do this with a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress.
The States have reserved powers and Congress has expressed powers. This is sharing of power because they both have privileges over the other. They also share similar powers called concurrent powers.
The Legislative Branch’s Senate, Congress, and House of Representatives can impeach the President. Impeach means to charge a public leader with misconduct in office. This limits the Executive’s power to make decisions disapproved by the Legislative.
The Senate has to approve all Presidential appointments. This means anybody appointed by the President then has to be approved by Senate. They can also impeach judges from the Judicial Branch. This limits Executive’s power to appoint people disapproved by Senate.
The Judicial Branch can declare laws and the President’s acts unconstitutional. They have the right to do this because if the President is doing something against his right or the Constitution it’s not allowed. Also, the Legislative Branch cannot create laws against the Constitution.