16 Tenses Essay

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CHAPTER I
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

1.1 THE USE OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE

    We use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening at the time of speaking.
Example :   Please don’t make so much noise. I’m studying.
    We also use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening around the time of speaking, but not necessarily exactly at the time of speaking.
Example : Silvia is learning English at the moment.
    We often use the Present Continuous when we talk about a period around the present.
Example :You’re working hard today. Yes, I have a lot of to do
    We use the present continuous when we talk about the changing situation.
Example : The population without jobs is increasing very fast.
1.2. THE ADVERBS OF TIME   USED
        The adverbs of time used in Present   Continous tense are “NOW, RIGHT NOW,   TOMORROW,ETC
1.3. THE PATTERN OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE
        The   patterns of Present continous tense consist of :

          1.3.A.   Positive Pattern

|S + am/is/are + Verb 4…………………………………………….Now                                                                   |


              S   +   sedang +   4……………………………………..sekarang

          Examples :
    1. I   am studying English now.
    2. We are going to Jakarta tomorrow   (akan)
    3. You are singing now.
    4. He is making a cake now.
    5. she is sewing a shirt now.
    6. They are   playing football in the field now.
    7. Tom and Ani are doing their homework tomorrow.
    8. The students are doing sport now.

          1.3.b The Negative Pattern

|S + am/is/are + Not + Verb 4……………………………………   Now                                                             |


              S   + tidak sedang + 4 …………………………………….sekarang
              Example :
      1. I am not studying now
      2. He is not sleeping now
      3. My father is not watching television now.
      4. we aren’t going to Jakarta...

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