Current challenges faced by health systems in delivering quality and accessible care to patients of Tuberculosis in Uttar Pradesh.
The context of this case study is to analyze the current challenges faced by health system in delivering access to care and management of tuberculosis in Uttar Pradesh. The author through this topic analyses the health system in Uttar Pradesh with regards to W.H.O framework and identifies the issues surrounding access to care and management of tuberculosis in Uttar Pradesh in order to achieve a better access to care and management of tuberculosis in Uttar Pradesh. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis.. The germs of which remains and grows in the lungs slowly. Tuberculosis normally stays in the lungs but may be carried to other parts like kidney, bones or brain through blood. Tuberculosis is also airborne and is a communicable disease (Fraser, 2011). Most percentage of the population in Uttar Pradesh is uneducated about Tuberculosis as the total literacy rate of Uttar Pradesh is 57.36 per cent of which 70.23 per cent are male literates and 42.98 are female literates (Literacy rate in India, 2001). World Health Organization and Swedish International development agency found that Indian National Tuberculosis Program did not meet the appropriate treatment for tuberculosis (Chadha, et.al 2003). That is why there is a need to explore the challenges currently faced by health system with regards to tuberculosis in Uttar Pradesh.
As in most countries, in India also there is a clear urban-rural, rich-poor divide (Sujatha, 2011). Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in India and the state is divided in to 70 districts with Lucknow as its capital (Maps of India, 2012). The total population of Uttar Pradesh is 199,581,477 of which 104,596,415 are male and 14,985,062 are females (Census ,2011). Tuberculosis is a major health problem in India and almost 40 per cent of the population...