Malnutrition- lack of proper nutrition; inadequate or unbalanced nutrition
Malaria- Pathology. any of a group of diseases, usually intermittent or remittent, characterized by attacks of chills, fever, and sweating: formerly supposed to be due to swamp exhalations but now known to be caused by a parasitic protozoan, which is transferred to the human bloodstream by a mosquito of the genus Anopheles and which occupies and destroys red blood cells.
Aids- a disease of the immune system characterized by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections.
Cholera- Also called Asiatic cholera. Pathology. An acute, infectious disease, endemic in India and China and occasionally epidemic elsewhere, characterized by profuse diarrhea, vomiting, cramps.
TB- tubercle bacillus. TB, or tuberculosis, is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria can attack any part of your body, but they usually attack the lungs. TB disease was once the leading cause of death in the United States.
Well all the effort may be concentrated on stopping the spread of the HIV virus which eventually leads to AIDS, which is understandable given it is incurable. However it is rather the curable or preventable diseases that top the charts so far as deaths are concerned. Malaria has been top of the list of killer diseases in Africa for a while now, to that you can add cholera, Typhoid which result from the contamination of drinking water.
The greatest mortality in Africa arises from preventable water-borne diseases, which affects infants and young children greater than any other group. The principal cause of these diseases is the regional water crisis, or lack of safe drinking water primarily stemming from mixing sewage and drinking water supplies.
Much attention has been given to the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Africa. 3,000 Africans die each day of AIDS and an additional 11,000 are infected. Less than one percent are actually treated. citation...