# Math Study Guide Essay

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Math Study Guide

Chapters

Chapter 1

Algorithm – Step by step directions

Ex. Algorithm to Solve Inequality

Distribute                                             7-5(x+6) > 32
Combine like terms                             7-5x-30 > 22
Eliminate #s on the left side               (-5)x-23 > 32
Combine like terms                           (-5)x-23+23>32+32
Divide both sides by co-efficient         (-5)x > 55

x < 11         |________|________
-11             0

Loop in algorithm – A place where the process might have you re-do steps.

Terms to know:
Greatest Common Factor(GCF)- The largest number that factors evenly into two or more larger numbers.
Ex. 12 is the largest number that will divide evenly into 36 & 48

Least common denominator(LCD)- The lowest common muliple of the denominator of two or more fractions.
Ex. N   M       = 144
36 48

* Then sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the length of the 3rd side.

Ex.     3”   6”   10”   = not a triangle
4”   7”   9”   = triangle

Box and Whisker Plots- a way to graphically show stats
Plots show:
Extremes
Median
Quartile #s
Test Scores

26, 28, 34, 34, 38, 40, 41, 44, 44, 44, 46, 48, 49
Lower Extreme                   Lower                 Median             Upper         Upper Extreme
Quartile                                       Quartile

Systems of Equation   y = mx+b
m = slope
b = where it crosses y axis

Ex. 2x+y = 7  y = 2x+7
Ex. 3x+4y = 12  - 4y = -3x+12 y = 3/4x-3

Methods of solving:
Graphing
Substitution
Elimination
Matrices
Ex. Matrix   3x-7y=21
2   1       x...

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