Though created in the United States by African-Americans (some with Jamaican heritage), hip-hop culture and music is now global in scope. Asia, The Middle East, Africa, Canada, France, Germany, the U.K., Australia, the Netherlands, and the Caribbean have long-established hip hop followings. According to the U.S. Department of State, hip-hop is "now the center of a mega music and fashion industry around the world," that crosses social barriers and cuts across racial lines. National Geographic recognizes hip hop as "the world's favorite youth culture" in which "just about every country on the planet seems to have developed its own local rap scene.” Through its international travels, hip-hop is now considered a “global musical epidemic,” and has diverged from its ethnic roots by way of globalization and localization.
Although some non-American rappers may still relate with young urban Americans, hip-hop now transcends its original culture, and is appealing because it is “custom-made to combat the anomie that preys on adolescents wherever nobody knows their name.” Hip-hop is attractive in its ability to give a voice to disenfranchised youth in any country, and as music with a message, it is a form available to all societies worldwide.
From its early spread to Europe and Japan to an almost worldwide acceptance through Asia and South American countries such as Brazil, the musical influence has been global. Hip-hop sounds and styles differ from region to region, but there is also a lot of crossbreeding. Unlike the old genres, which popularized throughout the nation via radio, hip-hop tends to hold on to its regional identity. Regardless of where it is found, the music often targets local disaffected youth.
Hip-hop has given people a voice to express themselves, from the "Bronx to Beirut, Kazakhstan to Kali, Hokkaido to Harare, Hip Hop is the new sound of a disaffected global youth culture." Though on the global scale...