Location: Large area in the center of Africa, in the southwestern sudan, north of zaire and to the east of the central African republic
Main facts: practice shifting cultivation relying on mostly maize and millet, gourds and pumpkins, etc. organized in chiefdoms – chiefs were military leaders, economic leaders and political leaders; practice a process called poison oracle where poison is administered to an animal while questions are posed to the inhabiting spirit, they ask for guidance in planning marriage, taking a journey, etc.; known for belief in witchcraft – they believe that witchcraft is at the base of all misfortunes, people die only of murder no such thing as accidental death – witchraft thought to be actual physical property residing inside some individuals.
Location: western third of the island of Hispaniola, 600 miles southeast of florida
Main facts: early years of twentieth century filled with bloodshed and civil unrest; practice substinence agriculture – maize, bananas, coffee and sweet potatoes; wholes family works, little electricity; poverty is result of deforestation; Haitian elite control half country wealth mostly in port-au-prince.
Location: tropical rainforest in the southern highlands province of papua new guinea on great Papuan plateau
Main facts: patrilocal village made up of men belonging to lineages of several patrilineal clans with wives, children and other female relatives; kaluli stories about birders and their connection with sadness because of the sorrowful nature of their calls – avid birdwatchers, metaphors for their own society; when feel disappointment, frustration, or self pity they may burst into song – wept songs usually for loved ones; usual occasions are celebrated with neighboring longhouses most often marriages or pig feasts and there the theme of reciprocity and exchange – most important ceremony is gisaro = dancers convey powerful emotions, part of larger ceremony like wending