Britain Before The Great War
Britains economic decline began in the 1870s. Many people debate weather it was “industrialisation or a manifestation of serious failings within the domestic economy” that caused the decline. The industrialisation brought on massive migration which further more decreased domestic quality. The majority of the population were working class which meant that their living conditions were disgusting. The government was not well enough prepared to cope with all the outraged people and to deal with the changes. Because of numerous complaints from the working class citizens the government invested in social welfare systems. But the liberals stated that there was no logical base to set up welfare organizations. They said that it was not up to them. The growth rate slowed down immensely from three point one per cent to one point six per cent. A prime example of the decline due to slow growth rate was when the Iron and Steel industry fell from a world production of forty three per cent to ten per cent up until 1913. While the coal and railway industries were in trouble, other industries like shipbuilding and metal engineering and manufacturing were not affected.
At the beginning of the 21st century in 1901 Britain had a constitutional government. This means that the government had a set of rules written in a document that limited the power of political individuals and representatives. The government didn’t become a democracy until 1918, so prior to this, men and women over thirty could not vote.
The Conservative party subjugated the government up until 1906 when the Liberal party won the election. They came back into parliament mostly because they were ready for change and to welcome social reform. At the beginning of the war the Trade unions were proposing strikes. The Liberals felt the pressure from the workers who were demanding higher wages and better working conditions. It was in this time that old age pensions, unemployment...