Running Head: Three Western Religions
Comparing of Three Western Religions
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are together considered Abrahamic religions due to the fact that they worship the God who first came into covenant with Abraham. Abraham’s portion of the covenant was that he spread the teaching that only God alone is the true God, and others are not. Therefore, each of the three religions that trace their roots to Abraham strongly espouses monotheism. Further, no doubt due to the dialogical relationship between Abraham and God, the Abrahamic faiths conceive of God as deeply involved in human history, rather than detached from it. God appears at various junctures in order to alter the fate of individuals and nations (Armstrong 1994).
Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus as described in the New Testament of the Holy Bible. Although Christians are monotheistic, the on God is thought to exist in three persons called the Trinity. Most Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God, but according to other traditions, Jesus is thought to be a human messiah that instructs his followers to worship God alone.
Both ancient Israel, subsequent Jewish history, and the Christian world have made the Bible the central document not only for worship and the rule of faith but also as a moral guide and anchor for ethical and religious stability. The bible, directly and indirectly, has shaped our law, literature, language, ethics, and social outlook. It permeates our culture. To cite one single example: At Solomon’s temple the people sang hymns of praise to God, just as they are sung in Jewish synagogues today. Those same psalms were sung by Jesus and his followers in their time, just as they are sung and recited in Christian churches in every part of the world (Cunningham 2009).
The Bible is not a philosophical treatise; it is a sacred book. It is, nonetheless, a book that contains ideas; those ideas...