12 Angry Men (original title: 12 Angry Men) is an American film from 1957, written by Reginald Rose. The film received three Academy Award nominations, best picture, best director and best adapted screenplay. It is an excellent example of 1950s social awareness and preparation of the common people in everyday situations. The film is thus a purely naturalistic wonders where all the action happens in real time, except for the film's beginning and end, in one place.
Historically, we can look at the film in the context of the year of publication, 1957. USA was at this time in a political transition period. The civil rights movement was already well underway with the judgment of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 and the bus boycott in Montgomery in 1956. Many of the film's themes is about racial and social inequalities which characterize this era in American history.
The film is critical of society and provokes important social issues in the course of action. Examples are "class differences", "justice", "doubt", "one-to-many" and "the relationship between father and son." Together these stresses, a specific, comprehensive theme through action races, namely the "prejudice". Jury members' prejudices and personal insights against the accused, the trial and to one another is driving both the problem and the resolution of the action. The problem is thus as follows:
How are the jury members' judgment influenced by prejudice?
It is late summer in New York. The year is 1957 and a jury of twelve men is about to settle a young boy's future. The boy is charged with murder, and a guilty verdict will send the boy to the electric chair. Almost all jurors seem to have the same undoubted mein none of the defendant's obvious guilt. Steward 8, however, does not agree with the rest of the group. This introduces protagonist. He justifies his choice for no other reason than that he is not sure, and because of the justice system requirement...