Human Resource Planning and Staffing
July 25, 2011
Human resource planning and staffing is an important part of any organization. Human resource planning is the process of forecasting the organization’s future employment needs and then developing action staffing plans and programs for fulfilling these needs in ways that are in alignment with strategy (Heneman, 2009). Human resource planning and staffing deals with the objectives and goals of the organization which includes hiring, firing, training, compensation and benefits as well as many other issues. All of these areas are important but one of the most critical is staffing and how the relationship to human resource planning is connected to the employment process. Determining the types of human resources needed is directly related to the employment process.
Forecasting for human resources tries to gauge the demand and supply for different types of human resources and it is also used to predict what areas within the company will have a labor shortage or a labor surplus. There are three major steps used to forecast the needs of the Human Resource Departments are forecasting the demand for labor, determining labor supply, and determining labor surpluses and shortages.
Forecasting the demand for labor can be determined by using a trend analysis. A trend analysis is constructing and applying statistical models that predict labor demands for the next year by using statistics from the year before. Another way to forecast for the demand of labor is by using leading indicators that measures the need for future labor demands.
Once the demand for labor has been met determining labor supply is the next step in the process. The first step in determining labor supply is to determine who is groomed and ready for a promotion right now. This can be done by using the manager’s judgment. Individual managers can use their judgment to forecast the number of...