Branches of Government
The Founding Fathers', the framers of the Constitution, ambition was to form a government that did not allow one entity to have too much authority or control, and protect the nation against tyranny. Our Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution to provide for a separation of powers, or three separate branches of government. Each branch of government has its own, specific sets of responsibilities, yet work together to make the country run smoothly and to assure that the rights of citizens are not ignored or disallowed; this is done through a system of checks and balances. A strong system of checks and balances is not only the foundation of our democracy, but any well run organization. One branch may use its powers to examine the powers of the other two in order to maintain a balance of power among the three branches of government. The system of checks and balances distributes the power of each branch, as opposed to concentrating power to one branch.
The United States' (U.S.) federal government is divided into three unique sectors. The divisions are as follows: The Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. All three parts of our federal government have their main headquarters in the city of Washington D.C.
The U.S. President, currently Barack Hussein Obama, is the chief officer of the Executive Branch of our government; he is the country's leader and serves as Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military. As stated in the United States Constitution, the President must be a minimum of 35 years old, a natural-born U.S. citizen, and must have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. The President withholds the power to execute, enforce, and administer all of the laws that the Legislative Branch fabricates. The President is elected by U.S. citizens, 18 years of age and older, who vote in the presidential elections in their states. These votes are tallied by states and form the Electoral College system. Each...