Unit 517 Lead Person Centred Practise (HSCM1)
1.5 Explain how person centred practise can result in positive changes for an individual.
Person centred practise (PCP) places the individual at the centre of the care they receive and this can lead to a lot of positive changes. Before the use of PCP, treatment of an individual was based on their condition (medical model). Decisions are continually made for the individual as they are only defined as being independent once they overcome their disabilities. Taking away a person’s choices long-term may lead to ill effects such as withdrawal, depression, lack of motivation, lack of progression, delusions of over dependency, challenging behaviours, lack of opportunities and community access and institutionalisation.
Using the a social model of treatment means that individuals are defined as being independent as long as they are given the tools and help they need to do so. Empowering an individual to make decisions about their life and helping to honour those decisions means that an individual’s world has been opened up. This can lead to individuals having increased access to the real community giving them valuable and real experiences and helping to form relationships. Using the medical model means that individuals would have been held back from community access because they would be assessed as lacking independence. This may lead to individuals being ‘institutionalised’ through lack of experiences. Planning activities based on a medical model may mean individuals are guided into activities which are ‘good for’ their condition and probably involving other people with similar disabilities. However activities and therapies are far more successful if they are based on an individual’s actual interests and more likely to be spent with a wider range of people, nurturing more varied experiences and relationships.
The more that people with disabilities are given the opportunity to be part of their community the more that...